ELTS Writing Test On 25th August With Band 8.0-9.0 Sample

ELTS Writing Test On 25th August With Band 8.0-9.0 Sample

 

Task 1: Noise pollution in cities and rural areas (bar)

The charts illustrate the number of people who were affected by four types of noise pollution in day and night in cities and rural areas in 2007.

Report Plan:

Paraphrase: illustrate>compare; number of people>how many people; cities>urban areas; four types>four sources

Overall/summary paragraph: (1) people in cities affected more by noise (2) traffic the main source of noise pollution
Paragraph 3: compare traffic noise day and night in cities and rural areas. Then compare train noise. Give figures.
Paragraph 4: compare aircraft noise day and night in cities and rural areas. Then compare noise from industry. Give figures.

Report:

The bar charts compare how many people in urban and rural areas were affected by noise pollution from four sources during daytime and nightime in 2007.

Overall, it is clear that more people in cities experienced all types of noise pollution compared with rural areas. In both charts, traffic was the main source of noise pollution at all times.

Daytime noise from traffic affected 64 million people in cities and 34 million in rural areas. At night, traffic noise affected 48 million city residents, double the figure for rural areas. Noise pollution caused by trains affected slightly more people in cities compared with rural areas, at 10 million and 8 million respectively during the daytime, and 8 million and 6 million respectively at night.

The remaining two sources of noise pollution were less significant. In cities, daytime aircraft noise affected 4 million people and half that number in rural areas. The figure at night for cities and rural areas was 1 million. Those living in rural areas were not

affected by noise from industry. However, 1 million city residents experienced industrial noise pollution in the daytime, four times the number affected at night.

Task 2: In the modern world it is possible to shop, work and communicate with people via the internet and live without any face-to-face contact with others. Is this a positive or negative development?

Essay Plan:

• Introduction: (1) refer to the statement in the question (2) state that you think there are both positive and negative aspects of this trend

• Paragraph 2: the internet is useful (1) friends – easy to keep in touch (2) shopping – save time and petrol, look for bargains online (3) work – own working hours, avoid commuting

• Paragraph 3: people need face-to-face contact (1) false virtual friendships -e.g. paedophiles (2) clothes, books – better to buy in shops (3) work – personal contact with colleagues – creativity, avoid misunderstandings

• Conclusion: there are both positive and negative aspects.

Essay:

It is true that in contemporary life people in many parts of the world are able to do their shopping, work and communicate with each other via the internet. While there are clear positive aspects of this trend, there are also negative aspects of having less face-to-face contact with other people.

On the one hand, the internet can be very handy in many ways. Many people use it to keep in touch with friends and family, using Facebook, Skype or What’s App to send instant messages or to enjoy a quick chat. Many also use the internet for online shopping, thus saving time and petrol on trips to the supermarket as well as hunting around different sites for bargains. However, it is in terms of work that the internet offers the most potential benefits. More and more people are working or even studying from home, at hours which suit their own schedules. Many hours are saved each week by eliminating the daily commute and the stress of coping with the rush hour.

On the other hand, as social beings, people need personal contacts. Firstly, virtual friendships which are formed online may not be genuine. The media carries many horror stories of youngsters who have fallen prey to paedophiles, for example. Secondly, online shopping is not always appropriate, depending on the item. It is best, for instance, to try on clothes before buying, and while a bookworm can find almost any book title that they want online, they will certainly miss browsing the shelves of bookstores. Finally, personal interaction with work colleagues can generate ideas and avoid misunderstandings.

In conclusion, although there are positive aspects of this trend, there are also aspects of face-to-face contact which it would be a shame to lose.

292 words.

Vocabulary:

• contemporary [adjective]:

Meaning: belonging to the present time

Example: Life in contemporary Britain is much easier now than it was for previous generations.

• handy [adjective]:

Meaning: convenient

Example: I live next door to a supermarket, so it’s very handy if I need to do some shopping.

• to keep in touch with [expression]:

Meaning: to communicte with somebody regularly

Example: I keep in touch with my sister by Skype or sending e-mails.

• to hunt around [phrasal verb]:

Meaning: to look for something that is difficult to find

Example: They have been hunting around for a flat for at least six months.

• bargain [noun]:

Meaning: a thing bought for less than the usual price

Example: These shoes were half-price in the shop, and I bought them because they were such a bargain.

• schedule [noun]:

Meaning: a list of things that you have to do at certain times

Example: Even people who work from home need to follow a schedule to

complete all the tasks that they need to do.

• to eliminate [verb]:

Meaning: to remove or get rid of something

Example: People with diabetes must eliminate sugar from their diet.

• to cope with [phrasal verb]:

Meaning: to deal successfully with something

Example: It is difficult to cope with a job and to study at the same time.

• the rush hour [noun]:

Meaning: the time (usually twice a day) when the roads are full of traffic and the trains and buses are crowded, because people are travelling to and from work. Example: In Paris, it is impossible to find a seat on the Metro during the rush hour.

• social beings [noun]:

Meaning: people who like to be in the company of others

Example: As social beings, we find it difficult to live in isolation for long periods of time.

• to fall prey to [expression]:

Meaning: to be harmed or affected by something bad

Example: Unemployed and homeless, he fell prey to drinking heavily.

• paedophile [noun]:

Meaning: a person who sexually abuses children

Example: Parents must warn their children that paedophiles on the internet often adopt a false identity.

• to try on [phrasal verb]:

Meaning: to test a piece of clothing to see if it fits

Example: These shoes look very smart – try them on to see if they are the right size for you.

• bookworm [noun]:

Meaning: a person who likes reading very much

Example: Sarah is a real bookworm, and I never see her without a book in her hand.